Men's major golf championships

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Jack Nicklaus won a record 18 major championships.

The men's major golf championships, commonly known as the major championships,[1] and often referred to simply as the majors, are the four most prestigious annual tournaments in professional golf. In order of play date as of 2019, they are:

Importance[edit]

Alongside the biennial Ryder Cup team competition, the majors are golf's most important events. Elite players from all over the world participate in them, and the reputations of the greatest players in golf history are largely based on the number and variety of major championship victories they accumulate. The top prizes are not actually the largest in golf, being surpassed by The Players Championship, three of the four World Golf Championships events (the HSBC Champions, promoted to WGC status in 2009, has a top prize comparable to that of the majors), and some other invitational events. However, winning a major boosts a player's career far more than winning any other tournament. If he is already a leading player, he will probably receive large bonuses from his sponsors and may be able to negotiate better contracts. If he is an unknown, he will immediately be signed up. Perhaps more importantly, he will receive an exemption from the need to annually re-qualify for a tour card on his home tour, thus giving a tournament golfer some security in an unstable profession. Currently, both the PGA Tour and European Tour give a five-year exemption to all major winners.

Independent organizations, and not the PGA Tour, operate each of the majors; The Players Championship is the tour's most important event.[3] Three of the four majors take place in the United States. The Masters is played at the same course, Augusta National Golf Club, every year, while the other three rotate courses (the Open Championship, however, is always played on a links course). Each of the majors has a distinct history, and they are run by four separate golf organizations, but their special status is recognized worldwide. Major championship winners receive the maximum possible allocation of 100 points from the Official World Golf Ranking, which is endorsed by all of the main tours, and major championship prize money is official on the three richest regular (i.e. under-50) golf tours, the PGA Tour, European Tour and Japan Golf Tour.

The Players historically has offered a prize pool as large as or larger than the majors, because the PGA Tour wants its most important event to be as attractive. Although the majors are considered prestigious due to their history and traditions, besides The Players there are still other non-"major" tournaments which prominently feature top players competing for purses meeting or exceeding those of the four traditional majors, such as the European Tour's DP World Tour Championship, Dubai,[3] and World Golf Championships. With its large prize fund of any golf event and role as PGA Tour's flagship tournament, The Players is frequently considered to be an unofficial "fifth major" by players and critics. After the announcement that the Evian Masters would be recognized as the fifth women's major by the LPGA Tour, players objected to the concept of having a fifth men's major, owing to the long-standing traditions that the existing four have established.[4][5]

History[edit]

The majors originally consisted of two British tournaments, The Open Championship and The Amateur Championship, and two American tournaments, the U.S. Open and the U.S. Amateur. With the introduction of the Masters Tournament in 1934, and the rise of professional golf in the late 1940s and 1950s, the term "major championships" eventually came to describe the Masters, the U.S. Open, the Open Championship, and the PGA Championship. It is difficult to determine when the definition changed to include the current four tournaments, although many trace it to Arnold Palmer's 1960 season. After winning the Masters and the U.S. Open to start the season, he remarked that if he could win the Open Championship and PGA Championship to finish the season, he would complete "a grand slam of his own" to rival Bobby Jones's 1930 feat. Until that time, many U.S. players such as Byron Nelson also considered the Western Open and the North and South Open as two of golf's "majors,"[6] and the British PGA Matchplay Championship was as important to British and Commonwealth professionals as the PGA Championship was to Americans.

During the 1950s, the short-lived World Championship of Golf was viewed as a "major" by its competitors, as its first prize was worth almost ten times any other event in the game, and it was the first event whose finale was televised live on U.S. television. The oldest of the majors is The Open Championship, commonly referred to as the "British Open" outside the United Kingdom. Dominated by American champions in the 1920s and 1930s, the comparative explosion in the riches available on the U.S. Tour from the 1940s onwards meant that the lengthy overseas trip needed to qualify and compete in the event became increasingly prohibitive for the leading American professionals. Their regular participation dwindled after the war years. Ben Hogan entered just once in 1953 and won, but never returned. Sam Snead won in 1946 but lost money on the trip (first prize was $600) and did not return until 1962.

Golf writer Dan Jenkins, who was often seen as the world authority on majors since he had attended more (200+) than anyone else, once noted that "the pros didn't talk much about majors back then. I think it was Herbert Warren Wind who starting using the term. He said golfers had to be judged by the major tournaments they won, but it's not like there was any set number of major tournaments."[7]

In 1960, Arnold Palmer entered The Open Championship in an attempt to emulate Hogan's 1953 feat of winning on his first visit. Though a runner-up by a stroke in his first attempt, Palmer returned and won the next two in 1961 and 1962. Scheduling difficulties persisted with the PGA Championship, but more Americans began competing in the 1960s, restoring the event's prestige (and with it the prize money that once made it an attractive prospect to other American pros). The advent of transatlantic jet travel helped to boost American participation in The Open. A discussion between Palmer and Pittsburgh golf writer Bob Drum led to the concept of the modern Grand Slam of Golf.[8]

In August 2017, after the previous year's edition was scheduled earlier due to golf at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the PGA of America announced that the PGA Championship would be moved to late-May beginning in 2019, in between the Masters and U.S. Open. The PGA Tour concurrently announced that it would move the Players Championship back to March the same year; as a result, the Players and the four majors will still be played across five consecutive months.[9][10]

Television coverage[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Event Networks
Masters Tournament Sky Sports
PGA Championship Sky Sports
U.S. Open Sky Sports
The Open Championship Sky Sports

In the United Kingdom, historically all four majors were broadcast on free to air TV. ITV has not broadvast live golf for many years. The BBC used to be the exclusive TV home of the Masters Tournament, U.S. Open and the Open Championship. By the early years of the first decade of the 21st century, only the Masters and Open Championship were broadcast live on the BBC. From 2011 onwards Sky Sports has exclusive live coverage of the first two days of the Masters, with the weekend rounds shared with the BBC. The U.S. Open is shown exclusively on Sky Sports. Beginning in 2016, Sky Sports also became the exclusive broadcaster of the Open Championship; the BBC elected to forego the final year of its contract.[11] The BBC continues to hold rights to broadcast a nightly highlights programme.[12]

Sky also held rights to the PGA Championship, but in July 2017, it was reported that the PGA of America had declined to renew its contract, seeking a different media model for the tournament in the United Kingdom.[13] The 2017 tournament was aired by the BBC (via BBC Red Button, with the conclusion of coverage on BBC Two) and streamed by GiveMeSport (via Facebook Live).[14][15] Eleven Sports UK & Ireland acquired the event for 2018, as one of the first events covered by the newly launched streaming service.[16]

United States[edit]

Event Networks
Masters Tournament ESPN/CBS
PGA Championship ESPN/CBS
U.S. Open Golf Channel/NBC
The Open Championship Golf Channel/NBC

As none of the majors fall under the direct jurisdiction of tours, broadcast rights for these events are negotiated separately with each sanctioning body. However, as of 2020, network television coverage of all four tournaments is split equally between the PGA Tour's two main television partners, CBS and NBC.

The Masters operates under one-year contracts; CBS has been the main TV partner every year since 1956, with ESPN broadcasting CBS-produced coverage of the first and second rounds since 2008 (replacing USA Network, which had shown the event since the early 1980s).[17]

Beginning in 1966, ABC obtained the broadcast rights for the other three majors and held them for a quarter century. The PGA Championship moved to CBS in 1991 and the U.S. Open returned to NBC in 1995.[18][19] ABC retained The Open Championship as its sole major, but moved its live coverage on the weekend to sister cable network ESPN in 2010. In June 2015, it was announced that NBC and Golf Channel would acquire rights to the Open Championship under a 12-year deal.[20] While the NBC deal was originally to take effect in 2017, ESPN chose to opt out of its final year of Open rights, so the NBC contract took effect beginning in 2016 instead.[11]

As of 2020, NBC and Golf Channel hold broadcast rights to the U.S. Open and other USGA events, replacing Fox Sports — which had assumed the rights in 2015 under a 12-year contract, but withdrew and sold the remainder of the rights to NBC in June 2020.[21][22]

As of 2020, CBS and ESPN hold the broadcast rights to the PGA Championship, under a new contract that replaces TNT as the tournament's cable partner.[23]

Distinctive characteristics of majors[edit]

Because each major was developed and is run by a different organization, each has characteristics that sets it apart. These involve the character of the courses used, the composition of the field, and other idiosyncrasies.

  • The Masters Tournament (sometimes referred to as the U.S. Masters), the season's first major championship, is the only major that is played at the same course every year (Augusta National Golf Club), being the invitational tournament of that club. The Masters invites the smallest field of the majors, generally under 100 players (although, like all the majors, it now ensures entry for all golfers among the world's top 50 prior to the event), and is the only one of the four majors that does not use "alternates" to replace qualified players who do not enter the event (usually due to injury). Former champions have a lifetime invitation to compete, and also included in the field are the current champions of the major amateur championships, and most of the previous year's PGA Tour winners (winners of "alternate" events held opposite a high-profile tournament do not receive automatic invitations). The traditions of Augusta during Tournament week, such as the Champion's Dinner, Par 3 Contest, and awarding of a green jacket to the champion, create a distinctive character for the tournament, as does the course itself, with its lack of primary rough but severely undulating fairways and greens, traditional pin placements, and punitive use of ponds and creeks on several key holes on the back nine.
  • The PGA Championship (sometimes referred to as the U.S. PGA), which from 2019 is the year's second major, is traditionally played at a parkland club in the United States, and the courses chosen tend to be as difficult as those chosen for the U.S. Open, with several, such as Baltusrol Golf Club, Medinah Country Club, Oakland Hills Country Club, Oak Hill Country Club, and Winged Foot Golf Club, having hosted both. The PGA generally does not set up the course to be as difficult as the USGA does. The PGA of America enters into a profit-sharing agreement with the host club (except when the event is hosted by Valhalla Golf Club in Louisville, Kentucky, a club that it owns). In a parallel with The Masters, previous winners of the PGA Championship have a lifetime invitation to compete. As well as inviting recent champions of the other three professional majors and leading players from the world rankings, the PGA Championship field is completed by qualifiers held among members of the PGA of America, the organization of club and teaching professionals that are separate from the members of the PGA Tour. The PGA Championship is also the only one of the four majors to invite all winners of PGA Tour events in the year preceding the tournament, as well as inviting 20 club professionals who are non-tour regulars. Amateur golfers do not normally play on the PGA Tour, and could only qualify by winning one of the other three majors, winning a PGA Tour event while playing under a sponsor's exemption, or having a high world ranking. When the PGA Championship was held in August, it was frequently affected by the high heat and humidity that characterize the summer climate of much of the U.S., which often set it apart as a challenge from (in particular) the Open Championship, an event often played in cooler and rainy weather. With the 2019 move to a May date, heat and humidity are less likely to have major effects on the competition.
  • The third major, the U.S. Open, is notorious for being played on difficult courses that have tight fairways, challenging greens, demanding pin positions and thick and high rough, placing a great premium on accuracy, especially with driving and approach play. Additionally, while most regular tour events are played on courses with par 72, the U.S. Open has almost never been held on a par-72 course in recent decades; the 2017 event was the first since 1992 to be played at par 72.[24] During this time, the tournament course has occasionally been played to a par of 71 but most commonly par 70. The U.S. Open is rarely won with a score much under par. The event is the championship of the United States Golf Association, and in having a very strict exempt qualifiers list – made up of recent major champions, professionals currently ranked high in the world rankings or on the previous year's money lists around the world, and leading amateurs from recent USGA events – about half of the 156-person field still enters the tournament through two rounds of open qualification events, mostly held in the U.S. but also in Europe and Japan. The U.S. Open has no barrier to entry for either women or junior players, as long as they are a professional or meet amateur handicap requirements. As of 2020, however, no female golfer has yet qualified for the U.S. Open, although in 2006 Michelle Wie made it to the second qualifying stage. While the U.S. Open employed an 18-hole playoff for many years if players were tied after four rounds, the USGA announced that beginning in 2018 all of its future championships would implement a two-hole aggregate playoff format. A sudden-death playoff would follow if the players were still tied after the two playoff holes.[25] (This change also brought the U.S. Open more in line with both the Open and PGA Championships, which use four- and three-hole aggregate playoffs respectively, followed by sudden death if necessary, and most regular events as well as the Masters only have simple sudden-death playoffs.) The Sunday of the Championship has also in recent years fallen on Father's Day (at least as recognized in the US and the UK) which has lent added poignancy to winners' speeches.
  • The year's final major, The Open Championship (sometimes referred to as the British Open), is organized by The R&A, an offshoot of The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews, and is typically played on a links-style course in the United Kingdom (primarily Scotland or England). It carries the prestige of being the oldest professional golf tournament currently in existence and the original "Open" championship (although the very first event was held only for British professionals). It is respected for maintaining the tradition of links play that dates back to the very invention of the game in Scotland. Links courses are generally typified as coastal, flat and often very windswept, with the fairways cut through dune grass and gorse bushes that make up the "rough", and have deep bunkers. The course is generally not "doctored" to make it more difficult, effectively making the variable weather the main external influence on the field's score.[26] In fact, the greens at Open venues tend to be set up to play more slowly than those of normal tour stops. In windy conditions, a course with fast greens can become unplayable because the wind could affect balls at rest; the third round of the 2015 Open saw many delays for this very reason.[27] As well as exempting from qualifying recent professional major and amateur champions, all former Open Championship winners under age 60, and leading players from the world rankings, the R&A ensures that leading golfers from around the globe are given the chance to enter by holding qualifying events on all continents, as well as holding final qualifying events around the UK in the weeks prior to the main tournament. The champion receives (and has his name inscribed on the base of) the famous Claret Jug, a trophy that dates back to 1872 (champions from 1860 until 1871 received instead a championship belt, much like a champion professional boxer's belt nowadays) and the engraving of the champions' name on the trophy prior to them receiving it is, in itself, one of the traditions of the closing ceremony of the championship, as is the award of the silver medal to the leading amateur player to have made the cut to play the last 36 holes.

Major championship winners[edit]

The table below shows the winners of each of the recognized four major championships, listed in order of foundation. The numbers in parentheses indicate the total major wins and the chronological number of that win, and is only shown for golfers with more than one major championship.

Year The Open Championship[28] U.S. Open[29] PGA Championship[30] Masters Tournament[31]
2020 Not held due to coronavirus pandemic[32] United States Bryson DeChambeau United States Collin Morikawa Nov 12–15, Augusta National
2019 Republic of Ireland Shane Lowry United States Gary Woodland United States Brooks Koepka (4/4) United States Tiger Woods (15/15)
2018 Italy Francesco Molinari United States Brooks Koepka (2/4) United States Brooks Koepka (3/4) United States Patrick Reed
2017 United States Jordan Spieth (3/3) United States Brooks Koepka (1/4) United States Justin Thomas Spain Sergio García
2016 Sweden Henrik Stenson United States Dustin Johnson United States Jimmy Walker England Danny Willett
2015 United States Zach Johnson (2/2) United States Jordan Spieth (2/3) Australia Jason Day United States Jordan Spieth (1/3)
2014 Northern Ireland Rory McIlroy (3/4) Germany Martin Kaymer (2/2) Northern Ireland Rory McIlroy (4/4) United States Bubba Watson (2/2)
2013 United States Phil Mickelson (5/5) England Justin Rose United States Jason Dufner Australia Adam Scott
2012 South Africa Ernie Els (4/4) United States Webb Simpson Northern Ireland Rory McIlroy (2/4) United States Bubba Watson (1/2)
2011 Northern Ireland Darren Clarke Northern Ireland Rory McIlroy (1/4) United States Keegan Bradley South Africa Charl Schwartzel
2010 South Africa Louis Oosthuizen Northern Ireland Graeme McDowell Germany Martin Kaymer (1/2) United States Phil Mickelson (4/5)
2009 United States Stewart Cink United States Lucas Glover South Korea Yang Yong-eun Argentina Ángel Cabrera (2/2)
2008 Republic of Ireland Pádraig Harrington (2/3) United States Tiger Woods (14/15) Republic of Ireland Pádraig Harrington (3/3) South Africa Trevor Immelman
2007 Republic of Ireland Pádraig Harrington (1/3) Argentina Ángel Cabrera (1/2) United States Tiger Woods (13/15) United States Zach Johnson (1/2)
2006 United States Tiger Woods (11/15) Australia Geoff Ogilvy United States Tiger Woods (12/15) United States Phil Mickelson (3/5)
2005 United States Tiger Woods (10/15) New Zealand Michael Campbell United States Phil Mickelson (2/5) United States Tiger Woods (9/15)
2004 United States Todd Hamilton South Africa Retief Goosen (2/2) Fiji Vijay Singh (3/3) United States Phil Mickelson (1/5)
2003 United States Ben Curtis United States Jim Furyk United States Shaun Micheel Canada Mike Weir
2002 South Africa Ernie Els (3/4) United States Tiger Woods (8/15) United States Rich Beem United States Tiger Woods (7/15)
2001 United States David Duval South Africa Retief Goosen (1/2) United States David Toms United States Tiger Woods (6/15)
2000 United States Tiger Woods (4/15) United States Tiger Woods (3/15) United States Tiger Woods (5/15) Fiji Vijay Singh (2/3)
1999 Scotland Paul Lawrie United States Payne Stewart (3/3) United States Tiger Woods (2/15) Spain José María Olazábal (2/2)
1998 United States Mark O'Meara (2/2) United States Lee Janzen (2/2) Fiji Vijay Singh (1/3) United States Mark O'Meara (1/2)
1997 United States Justin Leonard South Africa Ernie Els (2/4) United States Davis Love III United States Tiger Woods (1/15)
1996 United States Tom Lehman United States Steve Jones United States Mark Brooks England Nick Faldo (6/6)
1995 United States John Daly (2/2) United States Corey Pavin Australia Steve Elkington United States Ben Crenshaw (2/2)
1994 Zimbabwe Nick Price (2/3) South Africa Ernie Els (1/4) Zimbabwe Nick Price (3/3) Spain José María Olazábal (1/2)
1993 Australia Greg Norman (2/2) United States Lee Janzen (1/2) United States Paul Azinger Germany Bernhard Langer (2/2)
1992 England Nick Faldo (5/6) United States Tom Kite Zimbabwe Nick Price (1/3) United States Fred Couples
1991 Australia Ian Baker-Finch United States Payne Stewart (2/3) United States John Daly (1/2) Wales Ian Woosnam
1990 England Nick Faldo (4/6) United States Hale Irwin (3/3) Australia Wayne Grady England Nick Faldo (3/6)
1989 United States Mark Calcavecchia United States Curtis Strange (2/2) United States Payne Stewart (1/3) England Nick Faldo (2/6)
1988 Spain Seve Ballesteros (5/5) United States Curtis Strange (1/2) United States Jeff Sluman Scotland Sandy Lyle (2/2)
1987 England Nick Faldo (1/6) United States Scott Simpson United States Larry Nelson (3/3) United States Larry Mize
1986 Australia Greg Norman (1/2) United States Raymond Floyd (4/4) United States Bob Tway United States Jack Nicklaus (18/18)
1985 Scotland Sandy Lyle (1/2) United States Andy North (2/2) United States Hubert Green (2/2) West Germany Bernhard Langer (1/2)
1984 Spain Seve Ballesteros (4/5) United States Fuzzy Zoeller (2/2) United States Lee Trevino (6/6) United States Ben Crenshaw (1/2)
1983 United States Tom Watson (8/8) United States Larry Nelson (2/3) United States Hal Sutton Spain Seve Ballesteros (3/5)
1982 United States Tom Watson (7/8) United States Tom Watson (6/8) United States Raymond Floyd (3/4) United States Craig Stadler
1981 United States Bill Rogers Australia David Graham (2/2) United States Larry Nelson (1/3) United States Tom Watson (5/8)
1980 United States Tom Watson (4/8) United States Jack Nicklaus (16/18) United States Jack Nicklaus (17/18) Spain Seve Ballesteros (2/5)
1979 Spain Seve Ballesteros (1/5) United States Hale Irwin (2/3) Australia David Graham (1/2) United States Fuzzy Zoeller (1/2)
1978 United States Jack Nicklaus (15/18) United States Andy North (1/2) United States John Mahaffey South Africa Gary Player (9/9)
1977 United States Tom Watson (3/8) United States Hubert Green (1/2) United States Lanny Wadkins United States Tom Watson (2/8)
1976 United States Johnny Miller (2/2) United States Jerry Pate United States Dave Stockton (2/2) United States Raymond Floyd (2/4)
1975 United States Tom Watson (1/8) United States Lou Graham United States Jack Nicklaus (14/18) United States Jack Nicklaus (13/18)
1974 South Africa Gary Player (8/9) United States Hale Irwin (1/3) United States Lee Trevino (5/6) South Africa Gary Player (7/9)
1973 United States Tom Weiskopf United States Johnny Miller (1/2) United States Jack Nicklaus (12/18) United States Tommy Aaron
1972 United States Lee Trevino (4/6) United States Jack Nicklaus (11/18) South Africa Gary Player (6/9) United States Jack Nicklaus (10/18)
1971 United States Lee Trevino (3/6) United States Lee Trevino (2/6) United States Jack Nicklaus (9/18) United States Charles Coody
1970 United States Jack Nicklaus (8/18) England Tony Jacklin (2/2) United States Dave Stockton (1/2) United States Billy Casper (3/3)
1969 England Tony Jacklin (1/2) United States Orville Moody United States Raymond Floyd (1/4) United States George Archer
1968 South Africa Gary Player (5/9) United States Lee Trevino (1/6) United States Julius Boros (3/3) United States Bob Goalby
1967 Argentina Roberto DeVicenzo United States Jack Nicklaus (7/18) United States Don January United States Gay Brewer
1966 United States Jack Nicklaus (6/18) United States Billy Casper (2/3) United States Al Geiberger United States Jack Nicklaus (5/18)
1965 Australia Peter Thomson (5/5) South Africa Gary Player (4/9) United States Dave Marr United States Jack Nicklaus (4/18)
1964 United States Tony Lema United States Ken Venturi United States Bobby Nichols United States Arnold Palmer (7/7)
1963 New Zealand Bob Charles United States Julius Boros (2/3) United States Jack Nicklaus (3/18) United States Jack Nicklaus (2/18)
1962 United States Arnold Palmer (6/7) United States Jack Nicklaus (1/18) South Africa Gary Player (3/9) United States Arnold Palmer (5/7)
1961 United States Arnold Palmer (4/7) United States Gene Littler United States Jerry Barber South Africa Gary Player (2/9)
1960 Australia Kel Nagle United States Arnold Palmer (3/7) United States Jay Hebert United States Arnold Palmer (2/7)
1959 South Africa Gary Player (1/9) United States Billy Casper (1/3) United States Bob Rosburg United States Art Wall, Jr.
1958 Australia Peter Thomson (4/5) United States Tommy Bolt United States Dow Finsterwald United States Arnold Palmer (1/7)
1957 South Africa Bobby Locke (4/4) United States Dick Mayer United States Lionel Hebert United States Doug Ford (2/2)
1956 Australia Peter Thomson (3/5) United States Cary Middlecoff (3/3) United States Jack Burke, Jr. (2/2) United States Jack Burke, Jr. (1/2)
1955 Australia Peter Thomson (2/5) United States Jack Fleck United States Doug Ford (1/2) United States Cary Middlecoff (2/3)
1954 Australia Peter Thomson (1/5) United States Ed Furgol United States Chick Harbert United States Sam Snead (7/7)
1953 United States Ben Hogan (9/9) United States Ben Hogan (8/9) United States Walter Burkemo United States Ben Hogan (7/9)
1952 South Africa Bobby Locke (3/4) United States Julius Boros (1/3) United States Jim Turnesa United States Sam Snead (6/7)
1951 England Max Faulkner United States Ben Hogan (6/9) United States Sam Snead (5/7) United States Ben Hogan (5/9)
1950 South Africa Bobby Locke (2/4) United States Ben Hogan (4/9) United States Chandler Harper United States Jimmy Demaret (3/3)
1949 South Africa Bobby Locke (1/4) United States Cary Middlecoff (1/3) United States Sam Snead (4/7) United States Sam Snead (3/7)
1948 England Henry Cotton (3/3) United States Ben Hogan (3/9) United States Ben Hogan (2/9) United States Claude Harmon
1947 Northern Ireland Fred Daly United States Lew Worsham Australia Jim Ferrier United States Jimmy Demaret (2/3)
1946 United States Sam Snead (2/7) United States Lloyd Mangrum United States Ben Hogan (1/9) United States Herman Keiser
1945 Not held due to World War II Not held due to World War II United States Byron Nelson (5/5) Not held due to World War II
1944 United States Bob Hamilton
1943 Not held due to World War II
1942 United States Sam Snead (1/7) United States Byron Nelson (4/5)
1941 United States Craig Wood (2/2) United States Vic Ghezzi United States Craig Wood (1/2)
1940 United States Lawson Little United States Byron Nelson (3/5) United States Jimmy Demaret (1/3)
1939 England Dick Burton United States Byron Nelson (2/5) United States Henry Picard (2/2) United States Ralph Guldahl (3/3)
1938 England Reg Whitcombe United States Ralph Guldahl (2/3) United States Paul Runyan (2/2) United States Henry Picard (1/2)
1937 England Henry Cotton (2/3) United States Ralph Guldahl (1/3) United States Denny Shute (3/3) United States Byron Nelson (1/5)
1936 England Alf Padgham United States Tony Manero United States Denny Shute (2/3) United States Horton Smith (2/2)
1935 England Alf Perry United States Sam Parks, Jr. United States Johnny Revolta United States Gene Sarazen (7/7)
1934 England Henry Cotton (1/3) United States Olin Dutra (2/2) United States Paul Runyan (1/2) United States Horton Smith (1/2)
1933 United States Denny Shute (1/3) United States Johnny Goodman United States Gene Sarazen (6/7) Not yet founded
1932 United States Gene Sarazen (4/7) United States Gene Sarazen (5/7) United States Olin Dutra (1/2)
1931 ScotlandUnited States Tommy Armour (3/3)[a] United States Billy Burke United States Tom Creavy
1930 United States Bobby Jones (6/7) United States Bobby Jones (7/7) ScotlandUnited States Tommy Armour (2/3)[a]
1929 United States Walter Hagen (11/11) United States Bobby Jones (5/7) United States Leo Diegel (2/2)
1928 United States Walter Hagen (10/11) United States Johnny Farrell United States Leo Diegel (1/2)
1927 United States Bobby Jones (4/7) ScotlandUnited States Tommy Armour (1/3)[a] United States Walter Hagen (9/11)
1926 United States Bobby Jones (2/7) United States Bobby Jones (3/7) United States Walter Hagen (8/11)
1925 England Jim Barnes (4/4) Scotland Willie MacFarlane United States Walter Hagen (7/11)
1924 United States Walter Hagen (5/11) England Cyril Walker United States Walter Hagen (6/11)
1923 England Arthur Havers United States Bobby Jones (1/7) United States Gene Sarazen (3/7)
1922 United States Walter Hagen (4/11) United States Gene Sarazen (1/7) United States Gene Sarazen (2/7)
1921 ScotlandUnited States Jock Hutchison (2/2)[b] England Jim Barnes (3/4) United States Walter Hagen (3/11)
1920 Scotland George Duncan Jersey Ted Ray (2/2) Scotland United States Jock Hutchison (1/2)[b]
1919 Not held due to World War I United States Walter Hagen (2/11) England Jim Barnes (2/4)
1918 Not held due to World War I Not held due to World War I
1917
1916 United States Chick Evans England Jim Barnes (1/4)
1915 United States Jerome Travers Not yet founded
1914 Jersey Harry Vardon (7/7) United States Walter Hagen (1/11)
1913 England John Henry Taylor (5/5) United States Francis Ouimet
1912 Jersey Ted Ray (1/2) United States John McDermott (2/2)
1911 Jersey Harry Vardon (6/7) United States John McDermott (1/2)
1910 Scotland James Braid (5/5) Scotland Alex Smith (2/2)
1909 England John Henry Taylor (4/5) England George Sargent
1908 Scotland James Braid (4/5) Scotland Fred McLeod
1907 France Arnaud Massy Scotland Alec Ross
1906 Scotland James Braid (3/5) Scotland Alex Smith (1/2)
1905 Scotland James Braid (2/5) Scotland Willie Anderson (4/4)
1904 Scotland Jack White Scotland Willie Anderson (3/4)
1903 Jersey Harry Vardon (5/7) Scotland Willie Anderson (2/4)
1902 Scotland Sandy Herd Scotland Laurie Auchterlonie
1901 Scotland James Braid (1/5) Scotland Willie Anderson (1/4)
1900 England John Henry Taylor (3/5) Jersey Harry Vardon (4/7)
1899 Jersey Harry Vardon (3/7) Scotland Willie Smith
1898 Jersey Harry Vardon (2/7) Scotland Fred Herd
1897 England Harold Hilton (2/2) England Joe Lloyd
1896 Jersey Harry Vardon (1/7) Scotland James Foulis
1895 England John Henry Taylor (2/5) England Horace Rawlins
1894 England John Henry Taylor (1/5) Not yet founded
1893 Scotland Willie Auchterlonie
1892 England Harold Hilton (1/2)
1891 Scotland Hugh Kirkaldy
1890 England John Ball, Jnr
1889 Scotland Willie Park, Jr. (2/2)
1888 Scotland Jack Burns
1887 Scotland Willie Park, Jr. (1/2)
1886 Scotland David Brown
1885 Scotland Bob Martin (2/2)
1884 Scotland Jack Simpson
1883 Scotland Willie Fernie
1882 Scotland Bob Ferguson (3/3)
1881 Scotland Bob Ferguson (2/3)
1880 Scotland Bob Ferguson (1/3)
1879 Scotland Jamie Anderson (3/3)
1878 Scotland Jamie Anderson (2/3)
1877 Scotland Jamie Anderson (1/3)
1876 Scotland Bob Martin (1/2)
1875 Scotland Willie Park, Sr. (4/4)
1874 Scotland Mungo Park
1873 Scotland Tom Kidd
1872 Scotland Young Tom Morris (4/4)
1871 Not held; no trophy available
1870 Scotland Young Tom Morris (3/4)
1869 Scotland Young Tom Morris (2/4)
1868 Scotland Young Tom Morris (1/4)
1867 Scotland Old Tom Morris (4/4)
1866 Scotland Willie Park, Sr. (3/4)
1865 Scotland Andrew Strath
1864 Scotland Old Tom Morris (3/4)
1863 Scotland Willie Park, Sr. (2/4)
1862 Scotland Old Tom Morris (2/4)
1861 Scotland Old Tom Morris (1/4)
1860 Scotland Willie Park, Sr. (1/4)
Year The Open Championship U.S. Open PGA Championship Masters Tournament
  1. ^ a b c Tommy Armour was born in Scotland and became U.S. citizen thus his wins are listed under the U.S..
  2. ^ a b Jock Hutchison was born in Scotland, however on April 1, 1920 he was naturalized as U.S. citizen. His 2 majors are counted to U.S. regarding the 'wins and champions per nationality' accumulation.

Major champions by nationality[edit]

The table below shows the number of major championships won by golfers from various countries. Tallies are also shown for major wins by golfers from Europe and from the "Rest of the World" (RoW), i.e. the world excluding Europe and the United States. The United States plays Europe in the Ryder Cup and an International Team representing the Rest of the World in the Presidents Cup. The table is complete through the 2019 Open. Since the establishment of The Masters in 1934, an American has won at least one major every year, with the exception of 1994.

Country 1860s 70s 80s 90s 1900s 10s 20s 30s 40s 50s 60s 70s 80s 90s 2000s 10s 20s Total
 United States 7 23 30 22 31 31 33 29 21 25 21 2 275
 Scotland 10 9 10 5 14 2 2 2 1 55
 England 7 3 3 4 6 1 1 1 1 2 4 2 35
 South Africa 1 4 4 4 2 4 3 22
 Australia 1 4 2 1 2 4 1 2 17
 Jersey 3 2 3 1 9
 Spain 1 4 2 1 8
 Northern Ireland 1 6 7
 Germany 1 1 2 4
 Ireland 3 1 4
 Argentina 1 2 3
 Fiji 1 2 3
 Zimbabwe 3 3
 New Zealand 1 1 2
 Canada 1 1
 France 1 1
 Italy 1 1
 South Korea 1 1
 Sweden 1 1
 Wales 1 1
Total 10 9 10 15 20 15 30 36 26 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 2 453
USA 7 23 30 22 31 31 33 29 21 25 21 2 275
Europe 10 9 10 15 20 8 7 6 2 1 1 2 9 9 3 14 126
Rest of World 2 8 8 5 2 10 12 5 52

Scoring records[edit]

Scoring records - aggregate[edit]

The aggregate scoring records for each major are tabulated below, listed in order of when the majors are scheduled annually.

Date Tournament Player Country Rounds Score To par
Apr 13, 1997 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods  United States 70-66-65-69 270 −18
Apr 12, 2015 Jordan Spieth  United States 64-66-70-70
Aug 12, 2018 PGA Championship Brooks Koepka  United States 69-63-66-66 264 −16
Jun 19, 2011 U.S. Open Rory McIlroy  Northern Ireland 65-66-68-69 268 −16
Jul 17, 2016 The Open Championship Henrik Stenson  Sweden 68-65-68-63 264 −20

Scoring records - to par[edit]

The scoring records to par for each major are tabulated below, listed in order of when the majors are scheduled annually.

Date Tournament Player Country Rounds Score To par
Apr 13, 1997 Masters Tournament Tiger Woods  United States 70-66-65-69 270 −18
Apr 12, 2015 Jordan Spieth  United States 64-66-70-70 270
Aug 16, 2015 PGA Championship Jason Day  Australia 68-67-66-67 268 −20
Jun 19, 2011 U.S. Open Rory McIlroy  Northern Ireland 65-66-68-69 268 −16
Jun 18, 2017 Brooks Koepka  United States 67-70-68-67 272
Jul 17, 2016 The Open Championship Henrik Stenson  Sweden 68-65-68-63 264 −20

Single round records[edit]

The record for a single round in a major championship is 62 which was recorded by South African golfer Branden Grace in the third round of the 2017 Open Championship.

Consecutive victories at a major championship[edit]

Nationality Player Major # Years
 Scotland Tom Morris, Jr. The Open Championship 4 1868, 1869, 1870, 1872[a]
 United States Walter Hagen PGA Championship 4 1924, 1925, 1926, 1927
 Scotland Jamie Anderson The Open Championship 3 1877, 1878, 1879
 Scotland Bob Ferguson The Open Championship 3 1880, 1881, 1882
 Scotland Willie Anderson U.S. Open 3 1903, 1904, 1905
 Australia Peter Thomson The Open Championship 3 1954, 1955, 1956
 Scotland Tom Morris, Sr. The Open Championship 2 1861, 1862
 Jersey Harry Vardon The Open Championship 2 1898, 1899
 Scotland James Braid The Open Championship 2 1905, 1906
 England John Henry Taylor The Open Championship 2 1894, 1895
 United States John McDermott U.S. Open 2 1911, 1912
 England Jim Barnes PGA Championship 2 1916, 1919[a]
 United States Gene Sarazen PGA Championship 2 1922, 1923
 United States Bobby Jones The Open Championship 2 1926, 1927
 United States Walter Hagen The Open Championship 2 1928, 1929
 United States Leo Diegel PGA Championship 2 1928, 1929
 United States Bobby Jones U.S. Open 2 1929, 1930
 United States Denny Shute PGA Championship 2 1936, 1937
 United States Ralph Guldahl U.S. Open 2 1937, 1938
 South Africa Bobby Locke The Open Championship 2 1949, 1950
 United States Ben Hogan U.S. Open 2 1950, 1951
 United States Arnold Palmer The Open Championship 2 1961, 1962
 United States Jack Nicklaus Masters Tournament 2 1965, 1966
 United States Lee Trevino The Open Championship 2 1971, 1972
 United States Tom Watson The Open Championship 2 1982, 1983
 United States Curtis Strange U.S. Open 2 1988, 1989
 England Nick Faldo Masters Tournament 2 1989, 1990
 United States Tiger Woods PGA Championship 2 1999, 2000
 United States Tiger Woods Masters Tournament 2 2001, 2002
 United States Tiger Woods The Open Championship 2 2005, 2006
 United States Tiger Woods PGA Championship (2) 2 2006, 2007
 Ireland Pádraig Harrington The Open Championship 2 2007, 2008
 United States Brooks Koepka U.S. Open 2 2017, 2018
 United States Brooks Koepka PGA Championship 2 2018, 2019

a These are consecutive because no tournaments were played in between at The Open Championship in 1871 or at the PGA Championship in 1917 and 1918.

Wire-to-wire major victories[edit]

Players who have led or been tied for the lead after each round of a major.

Top ten finishes in all four modern majors in one season[edit]

It was rare, before the early 1960s, for the leading players from around the world to have the opportunity to compete in all four of the 'modern' majors in one season, because of the different qualifying criteria used in each at the time, the costs of traveling to compete (in an era when tournament prize money was very low, and only the champion himself would earn the chance of ongoing endorsements), and on occasion even the conflicting scheduling of the Open and PGA Championships. In 1937, the U.S. Ryder Cup side all competed in The Open Championship, but of those who finished in the top ten of that event, only Ed Dudley could claim a "top ten" finish in all four of the majors in 1937, if his defeat in the last-16 round of that year's PGA Championship (then at matchplay) was considered a "joint 9th" position.

Following 1960, when Arnold Palmer's narrowly failed bid to add the Open Championship to his Masters and U.S. Open titles (and thus emulate Hogan's 1953 "triple crown") helped to establish the concept of the modern professional "Grand Slam", it has become commonplace for the leading players to be invited to, and indeed compete in, all four majors each year. Even so, those who have recorded top-ten finishes in all four, in a single year, remains a small and select group.

Three majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  #
Two majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  ‡
One major won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  †
No majors won in calendar year that the top ten was completed  ^
Never won a regular tour major championship in his career  *
Nationality Player Year Wins Major championship results Lowest
placing
Masters U.S. Open Open Ch. PGA Ch.
 United States Ed Dudley  * 1937 0 3rd 5th 6th R16 R16
 United States Arnold Palmer  ‡ 1960 2 1 1 2nd T7 T7
 South Africa Gary Player  ^ 1963 0 T5 T8 T7 T8 T8
 United States Arnold Palmer (2)  ^ 1966 0 T4 2nd T8 T6 T8
 United States Doug Sanders  * 1966 0 T4 T8 T2 T6 T8
 United States Miller Barber  * 1969 0 7th T6 10th T5 10th
 United States Jack Nicklaus  † 1971 1 T2 2nd T5 1 T5
 United States Jack Nicklaus (2)  † 1973 1 T3 T4 4th 1 T4
 United States Jack Nicklaus (3)  ^ 1974 0 T4 T10 3rd 2nd T10
 South Africa Gary Player (2)  ‡ 1974 2 1 T8 1 7th T8
 United States Hale Irwin  ^ 1975 0 T4 T3 T9 T5 T9
 United States Jack Nicklaus (4)  ‡ 1975 2 1 T7 T3 1 T7
 United States Tom Watson  † 1975 1 T8 T9 1 9th T9
 United States Jack Nicklaus (5)  ^ 1977 0 2nd T10 2nd 3rd T10
 United States Tom Watson (2)  ‡ 1977 2 1 T7 1 T6 T7
 United States Tom Watson (3)  ‡ 1982 2 T5 1 1 T9 T9
 United States Ben Crenshaw  ^ 1987 0 T4 T4 T4 T7 T7
 United States Tiger Woods  # 2000 3 5th 1 1 1 5th
 Spain Sergio García  ^ 2002 0 8th 4th T8 10th 10th
 South Africa Ernie Els  ^ 2004 0 2nd T9 2nd T4 T9
 United States Phil Mickelson  † 2004 1 1 2nd 3rd T6 T6
 Fiji Vijay Singh  ^ 2005 0 T5 T6 T5 T10 T10
 United States Tiger Woods (2)  ‡ 2005 2 1 2nd 1 T4 T4
 United States Rickie Fowler  * 2014 0 T5 T2 T2 T3 T5
 United States Jordan Spieth  ‡ 2015 2 1 1 T4 2nd T4
 United States Brooks Koepka  † 2019 1 T2 2nd T4 1 T4

On 13 of the 26 occasions the feat has been achieved, the player in question did not win a major that year – indeed, three of the players (Dudley, Sanders and Barber) failed to win a major championship in their careers (although Barber would go on to win five senior majors), and Fowler has also yet to win one.

Multiple major victories in a calendar year[edit]

Four[edit]

  • 1930: United States Bobby Jones; The Open Championship, U.S. Open, U.S. Amateur Championship, The Amateur Championship

Three[edit]

  • 1953: United States Ben Hogan; Masters Tournament, U.S. Open, and The Open Championship; he was unable to play in both the Open Championship and the PGA Championship because the dates effectively overlapped.
  • 2000: United States Tiger Woods; U.S. Open, The Open Championship, and PGA Championship

Two[edit]

Masters and U.S. Open[edit]

Masters and Open Championship[edit]

Masters and PGA Championship[edit]

  • 1949: United States Sam Snead
  • 1956: United States Jack Burke, Jr
  • 1963: United States Jack Nicklaus
  • 1975: United States Jack Nicklaus

U.S. Open and Open Championship[edit]

U.S. Open and PGA Championship[edit]

  • 1922: United States Gene Sarazen
  • 1948: United States Ben Hogan
  • 1980: United States Jack Nicklaus
  • 2018: United States Brooks Koepka

Open Championship and PGA Championship[edit]

Consecutive major victories (including over multiple years)[edit]

Four[edit]

  • 1868–72: Scotland Young Tom Morris 1868 Open, 1869 Open, 1870 Open, 1872 Open (No Open Championship played in 1871)
  • 1930: United States Bobby Jones 1930 Amateur, 1930 Open, 1930 U.S. Open, 1930 U.S. Amateur
  • 2000–01: United States Tiger Woods 2000 U.S. Open, 2000 Open, 2000 PGA, 2001 Masters

Three[edit]

Two[edit]

Note: The order in which the majors were contested varied between 1895 and 1953. Prior to 1916, the PGA Championship did not exist; Prior to 1934, the Masters did not exist. From 1954 through 2018, the order of the majors was Masters, U.S. Open, Open Championship, PGA except in 1971, when the PGA was played before the Masters. From 2019, the order has been Masters, PGA, U.S. Open, Open Championship.

  • 1861–62: Scotland Old Tom Morris 1861 Open, 1862 Open
  • 1894–95: England J.H. Taylor 1894 Open, 1895 Open
  • 1920–21: Scotland Jock Hutchison 1920 PGA, 1921 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1921)
  • 1921–22: United States Walter Hagen 1921 PGA, 1922 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1922)
  • 1922: United States Gene Sarazen 1922 U.S. Open, 1922 PGA
  • 1924: United States Walter Hagen 1924 Open, 1924 PGA
  • 1926: United States Bobby Jones 1926 Open, 1926 U.S. Open (The Open Championship was played before the U.S. Open in 1926)
  • 1927–28: United States Walter Hagen 1927 PGA, 1928 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1928)
  • 1930–31: Scotland Tommy Armour 1930 PGA, 1931 Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1931)
  • 1932: United States Gene Sarazen 1932 Open, 1932 U.S. Open (The Open Championship was the first major contested in 1932, followed by the U.S. Open)
  • 1941: United States Craig Wood 1941 Masters, 1941 U.S. Open
  • 1948: United States Ben Hogan 1948 PGA, 1948 U.S. Open (The PGA was played between the Masters and U.S. Open in 1948)
  • 1949: United States Sam Snead 1949 Masters, 1949 PGA (As in 1948, the 1949 PGA was played between the Masters and U.S. Open)
  • 1951: United States Ben Hogan 1951 Masters, 1951 U.S. Open
  • 1953: United States Ben Hogan; 1953 Masters, 1953 U.S. Open (The 1953 Open Championship, also won by Hogan, was actually concluded only 3 days after 1953 PGA; he chose not to play in the PGA because of the strain on his legs, and the conflict with the Open championship.)
  • 1960: United States Arnold Palmer 1960 Masters, 1960 U.S. Open
  • 1971: United States Lee Trevino 1971 U.S. Open, 1971 Open
  • 1972: United States Jack Nicklaus 1972 Masters, 1972 U.S. Open (The 1971 PGA, also won by Nicklaus, was not consecutive due to being played prior to the Masters in 1971)
  • 1982: United States Tom Watson 1982 U.S. Open, 1982 Open
  • 1994: Zimbabwe Nick Price 1994 Open, 1994 PGA
  • 2002: United States Tiger Woods 2002 Masters, 2002 U.S. Open
  • 2005–06: United States Phil Mickelson 2005 PGA, 2006 Masters
  • 2006: United States Tiger Woods 2006 Open, 2006 PGA
  • 2008: Republic of Ireland Pádraig Harrington 2008 Open, 2008 PGA
  • 2014: Northern Ireland Rory McIlroy 2014 Open, 2014 PGA
  • 2015: United States Jordan Spieth 2015 Masters, 2015 U.S. Open

Largest margins of victory[edit]

Major championships have been won by a margin of nine strokes or greater on eight occasions. On a further eight occasions, majors have been won by a margin of eight strokes; they include the 2012 PGA Championship, which was played over the Ocean Course at the Kiawah Island Golf Resort, for which Rory McIlroy holds the PGA Championship record.[33]

Nationality Player Margin Major Course
 United States Tiger Woods 15 2000 U.S. Open Pebble Beach
 Scotland Old Tom Morris 13 1862 Open Championship Prestwick
 Scotland Young Tom Morris 12 1870 Open Championship Prestwick
 United States Tiger Woods 12 1997 Masters Augusta National
 Scotland Young Tom Morris 11 1869 Open Championship Prestwick
 Scotland Willie Smith 11 1899 U.S. Open Baltimore
 England Jim Barnes 9 1921 U.S. Open Columbia
 United States Jack Nicklaus 9 1965 Masters Augusta National

Most runner-up finishes in major championships[edit]

For the purposes of this section a runner-up is defined as someone who either (i) tied for the lead after 72 holes (or 36 holes in the case of the early championships) but lost the playoff or (ii) finished alone or in a tie for second place. In a few instances players have been involved in a playoff for the win or for second place prize money and have ended up taking the third prize (e.g. 1870 Open Championship, 1966 Masters Tournament). For match play PGA Championships up to 1957 the runner-up is the losing finalist.

Along with his record 18 major victories, Jack Nicklaus also holds the record for most runner-up finishes in major championships, with 19, including a record 7 at the Open Championship. He is also the only golfer with multiple runner-up finishes in all four majors. Phil Mickelson has the second most with 11 runner-up finishes after the 2016 Open Championship, which includes a record 6 runner-up finishes at the U.S. Open, the one major he has never won. Arnold Palmer had 10 second places, including three in the major he never won, the PGA Championship. There have been three golfers with 8 runner-up finishes – Sam Snead, Greg Norman and Tom Watson. Norman shares the distinction of having lost playoffs in each of the four majors with Craig Wood (who lost the 1934 PGA final – at match play – on the second extra hole).

Players with runner-up finishes in all four majors[edit]

Name Masters PGA
Championship
U.S. Open Open
Championship
Total
United States Jack Nicklaus 4 4 4 7 19
United States Phil Mickelson 1 2 6 2 11
United States Arnold Palmer 2 3 4 1 10
United States Tom Watson 3 1 2 2 8
Australia Greg Norman 3 2 2 1 8
United States Craig Wood 2 1 1 1 5
United States Dustin Johnson 1 2 1 1 5
South Africa Louis Oosthuizen 1 1 1 1 4

Players with most runner-up finishes but no major victories[edit]

a Crampton was second to Jack Nicklaus on each occasion.

Most major championship appearances (100 major club)[edit]

Starts Name Country Wins Span
164 Jack Nicklaus  United States 18 1957–2005
150 Gary Player  South Africa 9 1956–2009
145 Tom Watson  United States 8 1970–2016
142 Arnold Palmer  United States 7 1953–2004
127 Raymond Floyd  United States 4 1963–2009
118 Sam Snead  United States 7 1937–1983
117 Ben Crenshaw  United States 2 1970–2015
115 Gene Sarazen  United States 7 1920–1976
110 Mark O'Meara  United States 2 1980–2018
109 Tom Kite  United States 1 1970–2004
Phil Mickelson  United States 5 1990–2020
107 Bernhard Langer  Germany 2 1976–2019
104 Ernie Els  South Africa 4 1989–2019
101 Davis Love III  United States 1 1986–2020
100 Nick Faldo  England 6 1976–2015
Fred Couples  United States 1 1979–2019

Jay Haas, who played 87 majors, holds the record for the most major championship appearances without a victory. Lee Westwood, with 83 starts, has the second most.[34][35]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official World Golf Ranking – How The System Works". OWGR. January 1, 2013. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Future Men's Major Championships - dates and venues". SuperSport. Retrieved January 16, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "The Players Championship increases purse to $15 million". Golf Channel. Associated Press. January 25, 2020. Retrieved January 30, 2020.
  4. ^ Crouse, Karen (May 7, 2013). "Men's Fifth Major May Remain Mythical". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  5. ^ Burke, Monte (May 9, 2012). "The Players Championship Is Not The "5th Major," But It's Still A Great Tournament". Forbes. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
  6. ^ Cronin, Tim. "Nelson's Magnificent Seven" (PDF). Chicago District Golf Association. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  7. ^ Newport, John Paul (July 15, 2009). "What Makes the Majors Major". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 14, 2013.
  8. ^ Harig, Bob (April 7, 2008). "Golf's professional Grand Slam has developed over time". ESPN. Retrieved April 7, 2008.
  9. ^ Herrington, Ryan (August 7, 2017). "PGA Championship officially moving to May". Golf Digest. Retrieved August 9, 2017.
  10. ^ Shedloski, Dave (August 7, 2017). "The PGA Championship is moving to May and players are on board". Golf Digest. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  11. ^ a b Ourand, John (October 12, 2015). "NBC getting British Open a year early". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved October 12, 2015.
  12. ^ "Open Championship: Sky wins rights; BBC to show highlights". BBC Sport. February 3, 2015. Retrieved July 13, 2016.
  13. ^ Murray, Ewan (July 13, 2017). "Sky faces golf embarrassment after losing rights to next month's US PGA". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  14. ^ "BBC to broadcast live coverage of US PGA Championship". BBC Sport. July 27, 2017. Retrieved July 29, 2017.
  15. ^ "Golf fans throughout UK to receive unprecedented live coverage of the 2017 PGA Championship". PGA of America. July 31, 2017. Retrieved August 11, 2017.
  16. ^ MacInnes, Paul (August 13, 2018). "Eleven Sports viewers miss Brooks Koepka win US PGA Championship". The Guardian. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  17. ^ Sandomir, Richard (October 11, 2007). "ESPN Replaces USA as Early-Round Home of the Masters". The New York Times. Retrieved April 8, 2017.
  18. ^ "NBC gets U.S. Open golf". The New York Times. June 2, 1994. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
  19. ^ Stewart, Larry (July 21, 1995). "ABC getting a major chance with British Open coverage". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
  20. ^ Ourand, John; Lombardo, John (June 8, 2015). "NBC, Golf Channel ending ABC/ESPN British Open reign". Sports Business Journal. Retrieved June 8, 2015.
  21. ^ Goldsmith, Jill; Goldsmith, Jill (June 29, 2020). "Fox Sells Rights For United States Golf Association, Including U.S. Open, To NBC Sports". Deadline. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  22. ^ Beall, Joel (June 29, 2020). "USGA announces U.S. Open will move to NBC, ending relationship with FOX". Golf Digest. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  23. ^ Ourand, John; Lombardo, John (October 10, 2018). "PGA Championship Leaving TNT For ESPN In '20, Re-Ups With CBS". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  24. ^ Harig, Bob (May 25, 2017). "Quick 9: With new putter, Spieth hopes to rebound at Colonial". ESPN. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  25. ^ "2018 to Bring New Playoff Format for US Open Championships". USGA. February 26, 2018. Retrieved April 29, 2018.
  26. ^ Collins, Michael (July 17, 2016). "Michael Collins Round 4 Open grades". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 17, 2016. I noticed no one complaining about how the course was too easy or too hard. I couldn't find one bad thing on social media about the scores being too low even though 21 players finished at par or better. You know why? Because the R&A allowed Royal Troon to be itself and let whatever was going to happen, score-wise, happen.
  27. ^ Harig, Bob (July 17, 2018). "Tiger Woods to battle past struggles with slow greens at The Open". ESPN.com. Retrieved July 17, 2018.
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  29. ^ "U.S. Open – History". USGA. Archived from the original on June 29, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  30. ^ "Past Winners of the PGA Championship". PGA of America. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  31. ^ "Masters – Past Winners & Results". The Masters. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
  32. ^ "The 149th Open cancelled for this year and will return to Sandwich in 2021". Sky Sports. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  33. ^ "Largest margins of victory in a major". PGA of America. May 18, 2019.
  34. ^ "500 European Tour appearances: Lee Westwood's career in numbers". Sky Sports. September 6, 2017. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
  35. ^ "Lee Westwood's major near-misses after latest close-call at The Open". Sky Sports. July 21, 2019. Retrieved September 7, 2020.

External links[edit]